Manuel loved the outdoors and loved playing softball. There was no better way to spend a weekend than on the diamond hitting the ball and cooking burgers on the park grill.
“Hey Jose, the great game this afternoon,” Manuel said to his friend.
“Yep,” Jose replied. “I loved how you hit the ball over that right fielder’s head. I think he is still running after it.”
“That was a lucky hit. I couldn’t do that again if I tried,” said Manuel.
“When is soup on? I’m getting hungry for one of your ¾ pound hamburgers with all of the fixings,” asked Jose.
“Soon brother, real soon,” said Manuel. “Can you hand me my Coke can on the bench other there?”
“Sure thing amigo,” replied Jose while handing the Coke can to Manuel.
“Yikes!” exclaimed Manuel after he spits out the Coke. “There was a bee in the can and it stung the roof of my mouth.”
Within a few minutes, Manuel developed generalized hives on his face and upper body and experienced shortness of breath and chest pains. The paramedics were called and quickly transported Manuel to the local emergency room where he was treated with epinephrine.
Answer the following questions and save your responses in a Microsoft Word document. Provide a scholarly resource to support your answers.
1):- The hypersensitivity reactions are immune responses that are exaggerated against an antigen Or allergen. It is a condition in which the normally protective immune system has a harmful effect on the body. The allergens may be food, pollen, animal dander, etc.
2):- There are four types of hypersensitivity reaction
TYPE I: It is a reaction mediated by IgE antibodies.
Examples:- Allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, anaphylaxis, etc.
TYPE II:- It is a cytotoxic reaction mediated by IgG Or IgM antibodies.
Examples:- Red blood cell transfusion reaction, hemolytic disease of the newborn, etc.
TYPE III:- IT IS reaction mediated by immune complexes.
Example:- post-streptococcal glomerular nephritis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus.
TYPE IV:- It’s a delayed reaction mediated by a cellular response.
Examples:- Contact dermatitis, multiple sclerosis.
3) Manuel is likely experiencing a TYPE I hypersensitivity reaction. The reason is the bee may have the pollen dander on its body and they are intaken by the Manuel. The pollen dander is of an allergen in TYPE I hypersensitivity reaction. The pollen dander cause Anaphylactic shock which including shortness of breath, swelling, gives.
4) The class of antibodies involved are IgE antibodies.
–> The allergen-specific IgE antibodies are bind to mast cells through their Fc receptor. When specific allergen binds to the IgE, the crosslinking of IgE induces degranulation of mast cells which causes anaphylaxis.
5) epinephrine is one of the best medication choices for the treatment of anaphylaxis. Epinephrine has vasoconstrictor effects, it prevents or decreases upper airway mucosal oedema ( laryngeal oedema), hypotension, shock in anaphylaxis. Epinephrine also has an important bronchodilator and cardiac inotropic and chronotropic effects which are used to treat anaphylaxis.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more