ResearchProposal.docx

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CYBERSECURITY PROPOSAL

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CYBERSECURITY PROPOSAL

Research Proposal

Research Proposal on Cybersecurity
Introduction
In the global world today, the protection of intellectual property, curbing terrorism, and stop any form of threat by use of technology have become such important concepts. However, with increased emerging threats and cyber insecurity, the US continues to face a lot of challenges as far as terrorism is concerned. Many of the business organizations in the US and other parts of the world have recently struggled to keep their properties and people safe because of the increasing emerging trends and technological advancement.
The Project Objective
The research will look into the fundamental challenges, the emerging trends, and the technological advancement that has continued to pose serious risks to the United States National Security. We will as well look at the malware that usually targets security as well as the payroll which can be modified to access personal information illegally through credit cards.
Scope of the Project
The research will focus on the address to the cybersecurity challenges and understanding the sources of emerging trends and technological advancement. The proposal, therefore, predicts some of the challenges we face and the ways in which various businesses and organizations can prevent their people from these scrupulous people.

Research Questions
Many businesses and organizations in the US have faced various forms of cybersecurity attacks. These attacks have become a point of concern to the United States National Security. What follows is a set of questions that will be addressed in this particular research proposal.
Primary Questions
1. Does cybersecurity affect the business organization’s performance in the US?
Secondary Questions
1. Is it possible that the efficiency of National Security Agencies can reduce the cases of cybersecurity breaches?
2. Is there a relationship between the level of technological advancement by the Security Agencies in combating emerging trends and technological advancement?
3. Can the internal audit of the systems in place now help in reducing the cybersecurity breaches?
4. What would be recommended in the wake of increased emerging trends and technological advancement?

References
Boys, J. D. (2018). The Clinton administration’s development and implementation of cybersecurity strategy (1993–2001). Intelligence and National Security, 33(5), 755-770. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02684527.2018.1449369

England, S. K. (2020). Internet of Things Device Cybersecurity and National Security (Doctoral dissertation, Utica College). Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/openview/5d7b256576c5ad12d394c8719f1f3c15/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y

Sayler, K. M. (2019). Artificial intelligence and national security. Congressional research service report R45178. Retrieved from https://www.everycrsreport.com/files/20191121_R45178_ddbcce24a6fbf02ad9e81387b5623295ac60f017.pdf

Sanchez, S., Mazzolin, R., Kechaoglou, I., Wiemer, D., Mees, W., & Schrogl, K. U. (2020). Cybersecurity space operation center: Countering cyber threats in the space domain. In Handbook Space Security (pp. 921-939). Springer. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-3-030-23210-8.pdf#page=922

Sivan‐Sevilla, I. (2019). Complementaries and contradictions: National security and privacy risks in US federal policy, 1968–2018. Policy & Internet, 11(2), 172-214. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/poi3.189

Trump, D. J. (2017). National security strategy of the United States of America. Executive Office of The President Washington DC Washington United States. Retrieved from https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/citations/AD1043812

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General Formatting Exercise (APA 6th ed.)
We hope you found this exercise helpful! If you struggled to answer the questions, please see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010), the APA Help Guide, and/or search WriteAnswers. 

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Page margins should be:

1 in (2.54 cm) on all sides.

1 in (2.54 cm) on all sides.

Correct. Unless directed otherwise by an instructor or academic supervisor, RRU students should use 1 in (2.54 cm) margins in essays. Margins should not be adjusted to accommodate tables or figures. Please see “How side should the margins of my paper be as per the APA Style rules?” for additional information.

How wide should the header and footer be?

Authors may use Microsoft Word’s default settings, which are usually 0.49 in (1.24 cm).

Authors may use Microsoft Word’s default settings, which are usually 0.49 in (1.24 cm).

Correct. Microsoft Word’s default settings are acceptable for standard essays. In a RRU thesis, the header must be 1 in (2.5 cm) (See Formatting Your Thesis For Publication).

Where is the title of a document located in APA Style?

All of the above

All of the above

Correct. In addition to appearing in the running head, the title of a paper should be centred, but not bolded, on the title page as well as the top of the first full page of text. For information on formatting the title, please see p. 23 of the APA Style manual or #3 of APA Style (7th ed.) formatting checklist

Where are page numbers located?

In the top right header

In the top right header

Correct. Please see page 230 in the APA manual for more information about page numbers. Note that as per Formatting Your Thesis for Publication, page numbers in RRU theses must be at least 3/4 of an inch from the top and side of the page.

True or false: The introduction should be labelled with a level 1 heading (e.g., “Introduction” centred, boldface, and capitalized).

False

False

Correct. The APA Style rules direct authors to refrain from labelling the introduction as it’s assumed that the first paragraph or section of an essay or article is the introduction. See page 27 in the APA manual and/or Should I provide an “Introduction” section heading in my essay (APA Style)? in WriteAnswers for more information.

Choose the correct formatting for a level 2 section heading:

Flush left, boldface, uppercase and lowercase text

Flush left, boldface, uppercase and lowercase text

Correct. See pages 62-63 in the APA manual and/or What are the APA rules for section headings? in WriteAnswers.

What is the correct line-spacing?

Double-spaced throughout, including block quotations and references

Double-spaced throughout, including block quotations and references

Correct. The only instance where single-spacing is acceptable is in tables, figures, or footnotes. In all other elements of an essay or article, use double-spacing. For more information on line-spacing, please see page 229 in the APA manual or Can I use single line-spacing in my paper if I’m following the APA style rules? in WriteAnswers.

The alignment of text should be:

Left-aligned with a ragged right edge (the text begins at the left margin and the spacing at the right margin is uneven)

Left-aligned with a ragged right edge (the text begins at the left margin and the spacing at the right margin is uneven)

Correct. See Should my text be left-aligned or justified if I’m using the APA style rules? in WriteAnswers for more information.

The first line of every new paragraph should be:

Left-aligned and indented one tab space (usually 0.5 inch or 1.27 cm).

Left-aligned and indented one tab space (usually 0.5 inch or 1.27 cm).

Correct. Please see How should I format my paragraphs if I’m using the APA Style rules? for more information.

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Practice your APA Style (6th ed.) proofreading skills
We hope you found this exercise helpful! Please see a corrected version of the document for more information. If you found this exercise challenging, please refer to the information and resources in APA Style (6th ed.) and/or search WriteAnswers by keyword(s). If you are a RRU student and have further questions, please use the WriteAnswers contact form to contact the Writing Centre.
 
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Which element(s) were formatted correctly in the practice document? Indicate your choice(s) by checking the box next to the item(s).

Margins Font Page numbering on page 2 Alignment of text “Reference” heading Reference entry: Author information Reference entry: Date details Reference entry: Publisher details

Margins Font Page numbering on page 2 Alignment of text “Reference” heading Reference entry: Author information Reference entry: Date details Reference entry: Publisher details

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General APA Exercise (APA Style 6th Ed.)
We hope you enjoyed this exercise! Your score report is presented below. If you want to save your results, please select “File” in the upper left hand corner of your browser, then select “Print” from the dropdown menu, and choose the appropriate option, such as “Save as PDF”.
If you are an RRU student and you would like to contact the Writing Centre, please use the contact form at WriteAnswers.
Your grade is 90.00.

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Where does the running head appear in an essay?

In the top left header

In the top left header

Correct!

Where do page numbers appear in an essay?

In the top right header

In the top right header

Correct!

Academic title pages may not display a page number, depending on instructor preference, though the APA Style rules start page numbers at “1” on the title page.

True

True

Correct!

Choose the correct formatting for a level 1 section heading:

Centred, boldface, uppercase and lowercase text

Centred, boldface, uppercase and lowercase text

Correct!

Choose the correct in-text citation format for a direct quotation:

(Johnson, 2013, p. 4)

(Johnson, 2013, p. 4)

Correct!

In-text citations to paraphrased text must provide page/paragraph numbers.

False, though the APA rules encourage authors to provide them if doing so would make it easier for readers to locate the information.

False, though the APA rules encourage authors to provide them if doing so would make it easier for readers to locate the information.

Correct!

Choose the correct format for citing personal communication:

(J. Johnson, personal communication, September 3, 2013)

(J. Johnson, personal communication, September 3, 2013)

Correct!

A digital object identifier (DOI) is:

A number used by the Library of Congress to catalogue resources

An alpha-numeric identifier, typically assigned to electronic resources

That’s incorrect. Please try again.

Please choose the correct reference for this resource: “Adapting Historical Citations to APA Style” is a journal article by Donald Godfrey that was published in 2005 in the Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media. The journal’s volume number is 49, the issue number is 4, and the article appears on pages 544-547. The DOI for the article is 01.1207/s15506878jobem4904_15.

Godfrey, D. (2005). Adapting historical citations to APA Style. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 49(4), 544-547. https://doi.org/ 01.1207/s15506878jobem4904_15

Godfrey, D. (2005). Adapting historical citations to APA Style. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 49(4), 544-547. https://doi.org/ 01.1207/s15506878jobem4904_15

Correct!

Please choose the correct reference for this resource: “Leadership giftedness: Is it innate or can it be developed?” is a chapter written by Karen Rogers. The chapter was published in 2009 in International Handbook on Giftedness, which is an edited book. The chapter appeared on pages 633-645, the editor of the book was Larisa Shavinina, and the DOI for the chapter is 10.1007/978-1-4020-6162-2_31. The book’s publisher was Springer Netherlands, and the publisher’s location is Houten, Netherlands. 

Rogers, K. (2009). Leadership giftedness: Is it innate or can it be developed?. In L. Shavinina (Ed.), International handbook on giftedness (pp. 633-645). https://doi.org/ 10.1007/978-1-4020-6162-2_31

Rogers, K. (2009). Leadership giftedness: Is it innate or can it be developed?. In L. Shavinina (Ed.), International handbook on giftedness (pp. 633-645). https://doi.org/ 10.1007/978-1-4020-6162-2_31

Correct!

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