THE MAIN SIGNIFICANCE OF NURSING

Research Critique Guidelines – Part II
Quantitative Studies
Background

Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question.

Dwinijanti, L., Adhikara, M. A., Kusumapradja, R., & PPs, M. A. R. S. (2020). Job satisfaction and turnover intention among public sector nurses: Is workload and burnout the issue?. JEMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Akuntansi dan Manajemen, 17(1), 67-77. DOI: 10.31106/jema.v17i1.4951 https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a3ed/761e5c0edf57c94af629be3b411be1967630.pdf
This study article provides that nurse burnout is a global issue with an undeniable increasing rate.  This leads to nurses leaving their jobs after gaining only a few years of experience.  The article explains that even though musings considered a stressful occupation, nurse burnout adds to this situation. This research problem question explains why there are low job satisfaction and high nurse’s turnover at public hospitals from the perspective of workload and burnout among the nurses.  This article is highly significant to nursing because it is an issue that is rising at a high rate, mainly due to workloads which in turn affects job satisfaction, performance and, quality of services provided to patients. This study article aims to identify how workload results in nursing burnouts, which in turn leads to low job satisfaction and high nurses turnover among public hospitals.  The study’s objective is to describe the turnover and job satisfaction for nurses in public hospitals using the workloads and burnout perspective. Lastly, this study article research question is, what is the relation of workload and burnout among public hospital nurses, which results in high staff turnover and job dissatisfaction?
Ribeiro, V. F., Ferreira Filho, C., Valenti, V. E., Ferreira, M., de Abreu, L. C., de Carvalho, T. D., & Ferreira, C. (2014). Prevalence of burnout syndrome in clinical nurses at a hospital of excellence. International archives of medicine, 7(1), 1-7. DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1186/1755-7682-7-22 https://intarchmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1755-7682-7-22
This article investigates the prevalence of burnout syndrome among clinical nurses and factors associated with burnout clinical problem.  This research article’s content is significant to nursing because burnout syndrome involves stress, which develops when nurses are emotionally stressed and pressured in their work, affecting their abilities and characteristics.  The purpose of the article is to investigate the prevalence of burnout syndrome among clinical nurses and identify factors associated with burnout syndrome among nurses in a clinical setting. This research article objective is to identify factors that result in a high prevalence of burnout syndrome in clinical nurses working in a hospital of excellence. The research question for this article is what is the prevalence and factors of burnout syndrome among clinical nurses at a hospital of excellence.
How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?

Discuss how these two articles will be used to answer your PICOT question.

These two articles discuss nurses’ burnout and ascertain that nurse burnout is an issue that is rising at an alarming rate, especially in public hospitals and in hospital of excellence.  The articles identifies factors which causes nurse burnout and what healthcare organizational and professionals should do to solve the issues. Article 1 aims to prove that workload and burnout highly affects job satisfaction directly. This in turn leads to burnout which affects nurses’ ability and functions. The study also indicates that nurses prefer to keep their job even with many difficulties, high workload and burnouts since it is hard finding any other opportunities. Article 2 answer the PICOT question by identifying factors which causes burnout and burnout syndrome among nurses. The article identifies that despite the work stressors, issues such as social and family life, leisure activities, demographic characteristics, and personal health plays a part in nurse burnout syndrome. Understanding this helps to relate personal and professional life, which is crucial to answering the PICOT question.

Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question.

Both articles’ intervention is to create proper ways of identifying burnout in nursing and identify factors that cause burnout.  When the factor causes are identified, it becomes easier to use available knowledge, information and strategies to solve the burnout issues. Both articles stress earlier identification of intervention to prevent burnout in nursing than solve the issues after it develops among nurses.
Method of Study:

State the methods of the two articles you are comparing and describe how they are different.

Article 1 uses a quantitative research method, which uses a questionnaire as a data collection method. The questionnaires assessed burnout issues perspective by evaluating workload, turnover intention and job satisfaction for the nurses. Additionally, the methodology used a cross-sectional survey using simple random sampling using a sample of 190 nurses. The article used a correlational statistical procedure to explain the different variables for the research.  Article 2 used quantitative cross-sectional methods to assess burnout syndrome among 188 samples of nurses.  The methods collected data using a questionnaire to explain emotional exhaustion and underachievement based on burnout syndrome. Both of these methods are different in data analysis aspects, but they help to interpret information to explain nurse burnout clinical problem.

Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method.

Article one used a quantitative method with a survey questionnaire to gather information. This was appropriate for this research as it provided in-depth information, which is crucial to understand the alarming cases of nursing burnout. The limitation of this method is that it requires a lot of time, human resources and, proper software to analyses the results.
Article 2 used a quantitative method with the cross-sectional survey to provide comprehensive information to explain the factors that result in burnout among nurses. The article imitation is the high cost for collecting data and difficulty when analyzing the massive information gathered.
Results of Study

Summarize the key findings of each study in one or two comprehensive paragraphs.

Article 1 results show that job satisfaction is directly affected by nurses workload and burnout. This proves that when job satisfaction is affected, the performance and ability of the nurses. The article also provides that although nurses experienced workload and burnout, they stay in their job due to lack of another better opportunity; hence even though they intend to leaves, they don’t.  The results of article 2 show that nurses have a high prevalence to develop burnout syndrome. This was reached based on different factors experienced by the nurses personally and in their work environment.  The article also identified factors such as emotion, personal and work stress, marital status, and the workload to aggravate the onset of burnout syndrome.

What are the implications of the two studies you chose in nursing practice?

The implication of the two studies is that nurse burnout is an issue that requires more attention. Making sure the nurses enjoy their work is the goal of every organization and management to ensure they, in turn, can provide quality care and services to patients. The articles provide that nurses tend to stay in their jobs despite the burnout, which lowers performances, and most of them leave when they experience high levels of disappointment, dissatisfaction and burnout.
Outcomes Comparison

What are the anticipated outcomes for your PICOT question?

Using the information provided in the two research articles, the PICOT question aims to ensure more attention is considered about the burnout clinical problem. Both research articles focus on the maximum exploration of burnout to determine its effect on performance and outcome. Identifying the causes of burnout is the best strategy to create measures to avoid burnout in healthcare settings to improve job satisfaction and reduce nurse employee turnover.

How do the outcomes of your chosen articles compare to your anticipated outcomes?

The anticipated outcome is to increase awareness about nursing burnout and make sure healthcare organizations develop strategies to prevent and reduce the causes of burnout. The chosen articles are in line with the anticipated outcome, and their contribution helps achieve the set outcomes. The first article provides a high rate of nurse turnover, which is unavoidable unless nursing burnout is prevented. Hence it provides strategies to prevent and reduce turnover among clinical nurses by reducing workload and increasing job satisfaction. Article 2 outcomes show that the development of burnout syndrome is based on personal and professional factors, which, when addressed, leads to a reduction in burnout and satisfaction of the nurses leading to excellent performance and provides quality care services to patients.
 
References
Dwinijanti, L., Adhikara, M. A., Kusumapradja, R., & PPs, M. A. R. S. (2020). Job satisfaction and turnover intention among public sector nurses: Is workload and burnout the issue?. JEMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Akuntansi dan Manajemen, 17(1), 67-77. DOI: 10.31106/jema.v17i1.4951 https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a3ed/761e5c0edf57c94af629be3b411be1967630.pdf
Ribeiro, V. F., Ferreira Filho, C., Valenti, V. E., Ferreira, M., de Abreu, L. C., de Carvalho, T. D., & Ferreira, C. (2014). Prevalence of burnout syndrome in clinical nurses at a hospital of excellence. International archives of medicine, 7(1), 1-7. DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1186/1755-7682-7-22 https://intarchmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1755-7682-7-22
 

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